On the finish of August, Ukraine launched its first massive counter-attack since Russia’s full assault on the nation started in February, whilst Kyiv complained that its forces lacked enough heavy western weaponry to make a decisive strike.
The advance liberated 3,000 sq km of territory in simply six days — Ukraine’s largest victory because it pushed Russian troops again from the capital in March.
Ukraine’s forces have continued to push east, capturing the essential transport hub of Lyman, close to the north-eastern fringe of the Donetsk province, which it wrestled from Russian management on Saturday. The hard-fought victory got here after practically three weeks of battle and set the stage for a Ukrainian advance in direction of Svatove, a logistics centre for Russia after its troops misplaced the Kharkiv area within the lightning Ukrainian counter-offensive.
Considered one of President Volodymyr Zelenskyy’s different acknowledged goals is to recuperate Kherson, a regional capital with a strategic place on the Dnipro river that Moscow’s forces captured in March after they swept north from Russian-held Crimea.
Ukrainian forces broke by the entrance traces in Kherson in a single day on Monday October 3, one of many 4 areas President Vladimir Putin annexed the earlier week, within the newest blow to Russia’s navy marketing campaign.
Different key maps and charts from the warfare
The shift within the battle’s focus in direction of the Donbas area follows Russia’s failure to seize Kyiv in the course of the first section of the warfare. Earlier than Ukraine’s fast counter-offensive, marginal Russian features within the east steered the warfare was coming into a interval of stalemate.
The Russians had been thwarted in Kyiv by a mixture of things, together with geography, the attackers’ blundering and fashionable arms — in addition to Ukraine’s ingenuity with smartphones and items of froth mat.
The variety of Ukrainians fleeing the battle makes it one of many largest refugee crises in fashionable historical past.
In mid-March, an assault on a Ukrainian navy base, which had been utilized by US troops to coach Ukrainian troopers, added to Russia’s more and more direct threats that Nato’s continued assist of Ukraine risked making it an enemy combatant within the warfare. On March 24, Nato agreed to determine 4 new multinational battle teams in Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia so as to add to troops in Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland.
Sources: Institute for the Research of Conflict, Rochan Consulting, FT analysis
Cartography and growth by Steve Bernard, Chris Campbell, Caitlin Gilbert, Emma Lewis, Joanna S Kao, Sam Learner, Ændra Rininsland, Niko Kommenda, Alan Smith, Martin Stabe, Neggeen Sadid and Liz Faunce. Based mostly on reporting by Roman Olearchyk and John Reed in Kyiv, Man Chazan in Lviv, Henry Foy in Brussels and Neggeen Sadid in London.