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Extra have to be achieved to enhance using science within the courtroom
“Most attorneys are fearful of science. So are judges. So are jurors.” – M. Chris Fabricant, Director of Strategic Litigation, The Innocence Venture
“Regardless of what number of instances Bayesian statisticians attempt to clarify to me what the prosecutors fallacy is I nonetheless don’t perceive it and nor do I perceive why there’s a fallacy” – one of many UK’s most outstanding judges (from https://www.eecs.qmul.ac.uk/~norman/papers/bayes_and_the_law_revised_FINAL.pdf)
“You have seen one useless woman with bites on ’em, you’ve got seen ’em all” – Michael West, disgraced forensic dentist
“It’s fairly clear due to this fact that outdoors the sphere of DNA (and presumably different areas the place there’s a agency statistical base), this courtroom has made it clear that Bayes theorem and probability ratios shouldn’t be used.” http://www.bailii.org/ew/circumstances/EWCA/Crim/2010/2439.pdf
“Typically the “steadiness of likelihood” commonplace is expressed mathematically as “50 + % likelihood”, however this will carry with it a hazard of pseudo-mathematics, because the argument on this case demonstrated. When judging whether or not a case for believing that an occasion was triggered in a selected approach is stronger that the case for not so believing, the method just isn’t scientific (though it could clearly embrace analysis of scientific proof) and to specific the likelihood of some occasion having occurred in share phrases is illusory. ” http://www.bailii.org/ew/circumstances/EWCA/Civ/2013/15.html
“The possibilities of one thing taking place sooner or later could also be expressed when it comes to share. Epidemiological proof might allow medical doctors to say that on common people who smoke improve their danger of lung most cancers by X%. However you can’t correctly say that there’s a 25 per cent probability that one thing has occurred: Hotson v East Berkshire Well being Authority  AC 750. Both it has or it has not.” http://www.bailii.org/ew/circumstances/EWCA/Civ/2013/15.html
“Think about being in jail the place everybody thinks you’re the scum of the earth, the bottom human being that walks the earth. The thick finish of it’s that she misplaced 5 to 6 years of her life in what was state-sponsored torture.” John Batt, a solicitor and author who was a member of Mrs Clark’s defence workforce, https://www.theguardian.com/society/2007/mar/17/childrensservices.uknews
“Sally Clark, the solicitor wrongly convicted of murdering her two child sons, was discovered useless by her household at her house yesterday” https://www.theguardian.com/society/2007/mar/17/childrensservices.uknews
“I feel justice might be served with no statistician”
“Precisely. A statistician in a case like that is purely white noise”
“Correct use of probabilistic reasoning has the potential to enhance the effectivity, transparency and equity of legal trials by enabling the relevance of proof – particularly forensic proof – to be meaningfully evaluated and communicated. If extra broadly and successfully used, it might result in fewer circumstances being revisited by the Court docket of Attraction.” https://www.eecs.qmul.ac.uk/~norman/papers/stats_courtroom_webdraft.pdf
“..when you’ve gotten eradicated the unimaginable, no matter stays, nonetheless unbelievable, have to be the reality” (Sherlock Holmes in The Signal of the 4, ch. 6, 1890)
“To alter folks’s hearts and minds about legal justice, folks actually must care extra about accuracy and reliability than about retribution” – Peter Neufeld, Co-Founder, The Innocence Project
Court docket of Attraction bans Bayesian likelihood (and Sherlock Holmes)
Keith Harward (exonerated by means of DNA). DNA excluded Harwood. Subsequent step was to do CODIS (Mixed DNA Index System) search. Ran the profile by means of the information financial institution and acquired successful – Jerry Crotty. Dana Delger; Keith Harward; John Prante.
How a Bogus Chew Mark Despatched Charles McCrory to Jail. Chew-mark evaluation was key to Charles McCrory’s 1985 conviction. The science has since been debunked — so why is McCrory nonetheless in jail?
The American Board of Forensic Odontology (ABFO) developed a research. First step. 100 circumstances the place there had been chew mark proof. Despatched to board licensed diplomates who had been requested whether or not the chew mark was human, not human, or suggestive of human. Tried to have a look at stage of settlement amongst diplomates. President (Dr Freeman) thought research would show step one i.e. that there was a excessive stage of settlement. Outcome? A number of the circumstances one third every! After the research, Dr Freeman determined he was now not going to do chew mark evaluation for the prosecution.
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