There are such a lot of automobile manufacturers from the world over. It may be exhausting to decide on which automobile you need. The most effective manufacturers out there may be BMW. Chances are high that you just heard of this automobile model, the truth is, you will have even pushed or owned a BMW. This automobile firm has a protracted and attention-grabbing historical past to it. This text may even clarify who presently owns BMW. With all of that being stated, let’s get began!
Founding of BMW
BMW had its founding again in 1910 by Gustav Otto in Bavaria, Germany. It was initially referred to as Otto Flugmaschinenfabrik. Nonetheless, it became Bayerische Flugzeugwerke AG in March 1916. The corporate would later rename once more in 1922, calling it, Bayerische Motoren Had been or BMW.
The identify truly was in use again in 1913 by Karl Rapp. The identify and the power to make engines had been transferred over to BMW in 1922. The very first product BMW made was a straight-six plane engine referred to as the BMW Illa.
BMW handle to remain in enterprise after WWI the place they made motorbike engines, objects for households, and extra. Their first motorbike, the BMW R 32 was launched in 1923. It wouldn’t be till 5 years later that BMW began manufacturing cars. Their first automobile referred to as the BMW 3/15 was a Dixi. BMW would additionally purchase a number of different automobile producers permitting them to broaden its enterprise and into new merchandise corresponding to sports activities automobiles and luxurious automobiles.
We can not get to who owns BMW with out their participation in WWII. BMW was tasked with constructing plane engines, cars, and so forth. for Nazi Germany and its battle machine. They’d concentrate on plane engines for Germany’s air forces and used over 40,000 prisoners from focus camps.
Allied Forces bombed the factories and banned them from creating autos after the battle. BMW managed to outlive by making bicycles and pots and pans. In 1948, three years after the battle, they bought again into the motorbike trade and automobiles in 1952. Sluggish gross sales had BMW on the sting of being purchased out within the 50s, however handle to outlive.
BMW survived due to an funding by the Quandt brothers, whose father was an industrialist for the Nazis, serving to them construct weapons and batteries with using slave labor. BMW and the Quandt’s father had no reference to one another in the course of the battle, it was that blood cash that allowed the Quandt brothers to purchase BMW.
As time went on, BMW would make extra automobiles all through the years. This helped them turn into a profitable and unbiased automobile producer. They’d be bought in 1994 by the Rover Group. Nonetheless, this was not profitable and BMW misplaced some huge cash. 4 years later, BMW had the rights to Rolls Royce.
By January 2021, it was revealed by BMW that their earnings fell over 8% due to the coronavirus pandemic. Even this yr, BMW and Toyota are working collectively to create hydrogen gasoline cell autos by 2025.
Founders of BMW
There are three people who find themselves essentially the most accountable for the founding of BMW. They’re:
- Camillo Castiglioni: An Italian-Austrian Jewish financier and was the wealthiest man in all of Central Europe throughout World Conflict I.
- Franz Josef Popp: An Austrian man who is named the prime power in creating the corporate. He was additionally the Basic Director till 1942.
- Karl Rapp: A German founder who not directly based BMW along with his personal automobile firm referred to as Rapp Motorenwerke GmbH.
Immediately, the present CEO of BMW, who has been there since August 2019 is German supervisor Oliver Zipse.
So, who owns BMW? Effectively, as you could possibly see from the article, BMW has had a protracted and complex historical past. Particularly with its ties to Nazi Germany throughout WWII. In March 2016, it was the a centesimal anniversary of BMW. To mark the event, BMW apologized for its previous and the “profound remorse” in offering provides to the Nazis and using slave labor.
The corporate states that it was the primary industrial company to talk on this chapter in its historical past again in 1983. In 1999, BMW was a founding member of the “Remembrance, Accountability and Future” basis to compensate former laborers.
Again in 2011, there was additionally renewed curiosity within the Quandt Household and their ties to the Nazis. They’re nonetheless a shareholder due to the Quandt brothers after World Conflict II.
However, it’s a good factor that this firm sought forgiveness for its previous crimes, even the Quandt Household maintain extra non-public about their previous.
Regardless of a muddy previous, BMW was lucky sufficient to make a comeback and is now referred to as a dependable automobile model.